The United Kingdom Legal System has undergone a vast development over more than a thousand years to become one of the best independent judicial systems in the entire world. There are various levels of judicial powers. Different types of Courts form a strict hierarchy of importance consistent with the order of the Court in which they find themselves, so judges of the Court of Appeal for England and Wales generally carry more weight than district judges serving in County Courts and Magistrate Courts.
On March 31, 2016, England and Wales had 1,825 Judges in post in England, most of them were Circuit Judges or District Judges. Some Judges with jurisdiction across United Kingdom also have their place in England and Wales, especially Justices of the United Kingdom Supreme Court and members of the tribunal judiciary. The Judges are ensured continued judicial independence under the statute. Independence means that all citizens, including you, always get a fair trial, judges make decisions according to the law, and even the government cannot influence judges. The judges are appointed on basis of merit through a rigorous selection process.
A well-known document known as Magna Carta laid out that everyone, including the monarchy, was subject to the law. and in the year of 2005, the Constitutional Reform Act enacted a separation of powers between Legislature, Executive, Government, House of Lords, House of Commons and the Judiciary. The Judges, Magistrates and Crown Courts hear criminal cases. County Courts are concerned with civil matters such as the compensation claims or an unpaid bill. Those disputes that concern specific areas of law such as immigration or the employment are decided by Tribunals. The High Court deals with cases involving serious or complex challenges or points of law and the Court of Appeal decides on both Criminal and Civil Appeals. The Supreme Court is our most senior court and can hear appeals from the whole of the United Kingdom.
Judicial Assistants are qualified attorneys who spend a year working with one or two Supreme Court justices during a legal year. They have the task of examining appeals and summarizing the applications for permission to appeal.
Parliamentary Institutions scrutinizes how the various institutions of government in the UK function and interact. Representatives looks over the Parliament work, various responsibilities and powers of MP’s and Peers, staff, resources and the mechanisms which are available for supporting them.
The Law making in United Kingdom involves examining the procedure of law-making, the typical stages that a bill goes through and the different forms of scrutiny that law undergoes before, during and after their passing through Parliament.
The United Kingdom Parliament examines on daily basis, conducting of the business, determination of time tables, the rules of debate, the function of specific instruments such as Adjournment Debates or Early Day Motions and the roles of the Speaker or Clerks.