Judiciary of France

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The judiciary has a key role of ensuring that the laws are respected and that the rights of each individual are protected. While remaining firmly anchored in its basic principles such as impartiality, equality or an independence, the judiciary has shown itself competent to adjust according to the changing society.

Because the French government believes that no one should be ignorant to law, it therefore allows everyone to understand it. Like America, the French will give everyone the right to have their case heard and to receive a fair judgment. Most of the power that the justice system receives comes from the executive system which is different from the US government which has the separation of powers.

Pleaders do not have to pay judges to have their cases heard, judges are paid by the state. On the other hand, everyone has to pay their lawyers, except in some of the situations when the legal aid is offered.

Civil courts in France include district courts, agricultural land courts, regional, commercial, employment tribunals, and social security tribunals. On the other hand, criminal courts include police, minors, military, politicians, etc. At the foundation level, courts can be seen as organized into ordinary courts (ordre judiciaire), which deal with civil and criminal disputes, administrative courts (ordre administratif) which deal with complaints and has task of supervising the government. The constitution of the French Judiciary has been split into three levels: – Inferior courts of original jurisdiction of general type. Intermediate appellate courts which has hearing of case on an appeal from lower courts. Court of final resort which has hearing of appeals from lower appellate courts on the definition of law. Like America, France has a Supreme Court that acts as a last resort when all the lower courts have failed to deliver the fair and just verdict.

In the French judicial system, only citizens can become judges. Once they become judges, they will either be public servants or simply members of the profession. The French independent judiciary relishes a unique statutory protection from the administrative branch. The system for the appointment, promotion and dismissal of judges differs relying on the fact whether it is an ordinary or administrative stream. The appointment of judges in the judicial branch must have an approval of the High Council of Judiciary. After such appointment, they serve for life and cannot be removed without specific disciplinary action.

The Ministry of Justice deals with the administration of courts and the judiciary, including the payment of salaries or the creation of new courts. The ministry also finances and administers the prison system. It receives and processes requests for a presidential pardon and proposes legislation dealing with questions of civil or criminal justice. It is also the head of the public prosecution, although this is controversial as it is seen as a conflict of interest in matters such as political corruption against politicians.