The broad interpretation of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution the Apex Court has served as a basis for environmental law over the years, contributing to the cause of protecting the Indian environment and sustaining livelihoods based on the natural environment. Moreover, this is a number of environmental laws that have been enacted in the last few decades. However, many groups also pointed out that the constitution does not explicitly provide for the right of citizens to a clean and safe environment. In a recent submission to a committee established to review the constitution, these groups proposed several amendments to the constitution to ensure environmental protection and conservation of nature. These include: Recognition and integration of environmental rights as separate and independent fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution. This follows the interpretation given above of the term “right to life” provided the Apex Court.
This can be further specified to include the right to clean drinking water and a clean, pollution-free environment. Replacement of the term forest with the term “life suporting natural ecosystems” within the Directive Prinicples of State Policy. This is because courts and other authorities, including the Forest Service, are interpreting the term forest to mean land. As a result, treeless land is not considered forest and lacks interest in protecting other important ecosystems such as grasslands, deserts, wetlands, mangroves, etc. There is a need to preserve these diverse ecosystems for a better environment and their importance to humans and humanity. Within their basic obligations, Panchayat and municipalities are responsible for protecting the environment, including life that supports wildlife and natural ecosystems such as forests, lakes and rivers, with due regard to ecological aspects. Economic development and social justice. This should also include the item relating to “Environmental protection and ecological aspects” in the 11th Schedule related to Panchayats.
Therefore, from the above discussion, a chronological analysis of the environmental mission of the courts was carried out to explain the justification of the development of an environmental ideology as part of the right to life in a humanitarian context. Therefore, it is clear that Article 21 of the Constitution of India is an obligation for the lifesaving environment.