Important Laws Every Indian Citizen Should Know

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Knowing the Laws not only ensures a sense of security, but also gives us incredible empowerment. Hence, these are some of the important laws that every Indian citizen should know which are stated as follows: –

  1. According to Section 46 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, no woman can be arrested before 6 a.m. and after 6 p.m.
  2. Under the Legal Service Authorities Act 1987, free legal aid is provided to all Indians who cannot afford the high legal fees.
  3. All registered LPG customers are entitled to Rs 40 Lacs coverage in the event of loss of life or property damage due to cylinder explosions. This cover is provided to the whole family.
  4. According to Maximum Retail Price Act, 2014, no merchant may charge a commodity price higher than the printed price. But the consumer can negotiate for a lower price or a reduction.
  5. Under section 14 of the Hindu Marriage Act 1955, a couple cannot file for divorce within one year of marriage. However, if the High Court finds that the petitioner has a huge problem, the former may allow the latter to file for divorce.
  6. Sections 185-202 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988 lays down that If  in excess of 30mg. of alcohol is found is 100ml. of blood, at driving time, then the police officer has the power to arrest you without a warrant.
  7. According to the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956, none of the married couple can have adoption of two children of same gender.
  8. Police officer on duty cannot decline to file an FIR, and in case of such denial, he/she can be jailed for a term up to 2 years under Section 166A of Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.
  9. As per Indian Sirius Act, 1887, a hotel cannot prohibit you from drinking clean water and using its toilet.
  10. As per Maternity Benefits Act 1961, a pregnant woman cannot be fired from a company. This is a punishable offense and will carry a maximum prison sentence of 3 years.
  11. Limitation Act states that if you are not paid by someone responsible (by contract) for paying you, you must file a complaint within 3 years.
  12. Under the Information Technology Act, 2,000 voices and messages recorded on a tape recorder or telephone may be used as evidence in Court.
  13. Only female police officers can escort women to the police station. A written permission from the Court is required for male police office for same.
  14. In accordance with Section 129 of the Indian Motor Vehicle Act, helmets are compulsory for two-wheeled motorcyclists. Article 128 of this Motor Vehicle Law limits the maximum of two motorcyclists. This law also states that if the traffic policeman grabs the key from any vehicle, it is illegal. You have the full right to initiate legal proceedings against the officer.
  15. When buying real estate (apartment or land), it is essential to give a public notice in the newspaper. It doesn’t matter which one.
  16. Domestic violence is also applicable to such a relationship under PWDVA, 2005 and a woman can obtain protection under this law even if she is not legally married on paper.
  17. As per Income Tax Act, 1961, in the case of tax violations, the tax collection officer has the power to arrest a tax violator (a person who evaded tax), but before they arrest, they will have to send you a notice.
  18. If a police officer receives a complaint or is aware of any crime that is taking place in their area, they cannot say, “I am not on duty at this time.” This rule applies even if they are not in uniform.
  19. According to Section 294, Indian Penal Code, if a person found involved in “obscene activity” in a public place, he/she can be jailed for 3 months. Although no specific definition has been given to the term “obscene activity” by law.
  20. No head constable can fine you for an offense which currently carries a penalty exceeding Rs. 100.
  21. Article 22 (1) and 22 (2) which deals with preventive detention in India stipulates that no person arrested may be detained for more than 24 hours and must be brought before the judge.
  22. In case, you live in Delhi, your landlord is not allowed to forcibly leave your home without notifying you first, as per Section 14, Delhi Rent Control Act 1958
  23. Section 39 (D) of the Indian Constitution grants equal pay to men and women in the workplace. This is an incredible law because all over the world women are fighting for their right to be compensated and treated equally in the work environment.
  24. Section 292 of the Indian Penal Code and Section 67 of the Information Technology Act state that possession of pornographic material is legal. It is illegal and punishable only when it is sold, distributed or circulated in any way.