This particular court can be equated to what we now know as the treasury. Basically, it is the court that dealt with the king’s money or any particular crime or offence related thereof. The litigation of this Court was handled by the Crown and it was headed by the king’s treasures. At one time, it was basically tasked with just crowned business altogether, anything with the king and if at all below the hierarchy, any action which was brought about by those privileged, now what we must understand here, is that, by and large, at this point of time in history, there was a clear demarcation between those of wealth privileged and those who are just commoners today while we consider democratic notion in terms of many societies, these lines are somewhat blurred.
Now the exchequer of receipt are dealt with fixed revenue, pretty much collecting of debts such as taxes and so on but the actual task of going about and doing the day to day business was solely handled by what is known as the lower exchequer. They are the ones that handle the collection part of it. So, the Court of Exchequer is its connected body that dealt with any disputes that would arise from it. For example, whether someone has paid or not as well as whether there’s a dispute in relation to the amount to be paid and so on.
Around 1290, this is something that became very popular because the court of exchequer dealt with the king’s money with pretty much state business as well as in some instances, one step below, in relation to those of privileged but many private litigants tried to come in through that particular route, primarily because exchequer meant to deal with the money owed to the king, or debts owed to the king. Therefore, the methods used by the exchequer to collect such money must be the best, or the king will only sanction those things which are the utmost in terms of what’s available at the time, so the private litigants themselves wanted that think of this in a modern context such as a very expensive luxury car which will introduce the newest technologies, but then later on, several years, or even a decade later, those features will trickle down to much cheaper models. Same thing applied here when the court system in the justice at large open this facility up to others, private litigants actually preferred it. Now one of the major functions that the exchequer was able to do was that they were able to instill exchequer writs, which were able to summon defendants from anywhere, that’s the quite the purpose of the writ instrument itself.
Therefore, the claimants would claim that they could not pay the king his due because someone else was in default of them. In other words, when a dispute would arise in the Court of Exchequer, the excuse, or rather the defense that will be portrayed by a litigant would be that i was not able to pay because i am owed money by such and such individual. So until he or she pays me, I’m not able to pay the king. Therefore, this invokes a writ where the court is able to ask for someone rather a defendant, who is in default of this particular litigant in front of Court.