An asylum means providing shelter and protection by the territorial state and denying the request of the requesting state to surrender a person who has taken refuge in the territorial state with the express or implied permission of the territorial state. It is usually granted to political persons who have left their own state for political reasons and fear being persecuted or sentenced to death or mutilating the person to render him incapable of carrying out political activities or of keeping him in prison of unknown destination or in secret prisons.
When there is a fear that the requesting State will behave in an inhuman manner towards the person surrendered against the norms of a civil society, asylum is permitted by a territorial State. The offenders of state are not allowed Asylum but the political offenders are usually granted Asylum by the territorial state in whose territory these political offenders seek refuge and protection. The political offenders are those who commit offences not for their own self aggrandisement but for the purpose of politics.
An asylum is a political action and is linked to the attributes of sovereignty. A sovereign state is free to grant / allow asylum to a person and it is always hidden with some political purpose. But sometimes it is extended to the maintenance of democratic norms, peace, human rights and the service of a greater social purpose of society as a whole.
As opposed to asylum where the person is sheltered and protected by the government of a state that has just objected to entering a state stealthily and covertly and seeking a secret life without the knowledge of government agencies. This secret living in another state without the knowledge of another state has no legal recognition and if detected by the territorial state, the fate of the person will depend on the extradition treaty, if applicable, provided that the person thus detected is not a political offender. .
The opposite of an asylum is extradition whereby the person who takes refuge in another state is arrested by government agencies in that state and handed over to the requesting state. Extradition can be used as a duty and an obligation of the territorial state for the surrender of the person seeking asylum if there is a treaty for the same between the territorial state and the requesting state or s ‘there is a common treaty or convention in which the two states are the signatories.
In the event that there was no such treaty or obligation, the extradition of a person to a requesting state would depend on the discretion of the territorial State which would be exercised over the combination of sovereignty with political loss and gain of an asylum or extradition, whether the person is a general offender or a political offender. Political popularity and the maintenance of certain standards also play a vital role in the decision regarding asylum or extradition of a person seeking refuge in the territorial state. When it is decided to extradite a person seeking refuge or living in secret or having obtained asylum in the territorial state at the request of Interpol or the requesting state, the asylum cover is terminated and the person is extradited, i.e. handed over to the government of the requesting state or Interpol. As such, Asylum stops where extradition begins is true and correct observation.